Pompoko: War тануки

From time immemorial raccoon dogs, in Japan called «тануки», lived on hills and in the woods nearby to Tokyo. However when after the Second World War of their territory started to be built up with suburban houses, тануки realized that people completely will force out over time animals from the native earth. Having decided to stop by all means approach "biped", raccoon dogs started to remember the ancient, almost forgotten magic art of transformation which allowed their ancestors to accept the most freakish shapes and to keep people in superstitious fear before wood beings.

Shot from an anime film "Pompoko: War тануки"Pompoko: War тануки

In the American dubbing-in of the film the offscreen text Maurice Lamarsh read, the Brain voice from a cartoon serial «Kicks and the Brain»

After "Porko Rosso’s" rolling success Hayao Miyadzaki decided that time the Ghibli studio drew the animated film about a pig, the tape about тануки, the most charming «пушистиках» and the most popular characters of Japanese folklore should become their following picture. The director offered this project to the workmate on studio Isao Takakhat, and that with readiness agreed to write the scenario and to put a picture inspired by the real ecological tragedy (from the point of view of raccoon dogs and their numerous Japanese defenders).

Shot from an anime film "Pompoko: War тануки"Pompoko: War тануки

"Pompoko" is a sound which, on a legend, тануки publish when have fun and drum on the filled tummies. In the film it also designation of a calendar era on a calendar тануки: «In the 31st year of an era of Pompoko …» Takakhata спародировал the traditional Japanese calendar which is keeping count of years on boards of emperors. For example, 2015 is the 27th year of an era Heysey (that is the 27th year of board of emperor Akihito)

Knowing, about what "Pompoko" let out in 1994 tells, it is easy to assume that it is the flat propaganda material like «A valley of ferns» or "Avatar" which costs on the party тануки and is terrified callousness of the people who have appropriated another’s lands. Really, in "Pompoko" there are frankly "propaganda" scenes, and at the end of the film one of characters directly addresses to the audience, asking them to take care of poor animals. But, unlike "Only yesterday" Takakhata where all "modern" subject line was one big commercial of life in the village, "Pompoko" – difficult, multilayered work in which ecological promotion plays rather small role. Instead of branding the tribespeople and to ennoble тануки, the director attentively gets accustomed to defending small animals and notices a lot of such that does a picture by a delightful and unique family epic show.

Shot from an anime film "Pompoko: War тануки"Pompoko: War тануки

Unlike almost all representatives of family psovy, raccoon dogs are able to swarm up trees and to run into hibernation

In what "Pompoko’s" uniqueness? That usually family tapes are guided by children, though include enough "adult" jokes and hints that parents did not miss. Takakhata’s picture is a serious film for adults, in which rather simple humour, bright magic and quotes from children’s fairy tales that kids took a tape for "the" cinema. To understand, to that "Pompoko" is devoted, it is necessary to know that the film is partly inspired by personal experience of the director as trade-union organizer. When Takakhata and Miyazaki were young animators, they directed trade union at Toei studio and fought «for all good against all bad». This fight by came to an end that both were compelled to leave from studio from what they only won because became owners of the life and the creativity. Special successes of effort of future masters did not crown, but process of trade-union fight was fascinating and informative. If to judge on that turned out when Takakhata satirically rethought battle for the rights of younger staff of studio as war for the rights of "dumb animals".

Shot from an anime film "Pompoko: War тануки"Pompoko: War тануки

When the tanuki-aksakal turns into the Samurai, he plays a sketch from «The story about the house Tyra», the classical Japanese military epic of the XIII century. It is a hint that Takakhata was going to picturize "Story", but considered that it is better to draw the film about тануки

Great works of art tell private stories so that in their heroes, Makbetakh and Raskolnikov, people of the whole world recognize themselves. It it is possible to tell about "Pompoko". Trade-union and political activists, members of clubs on interests, every possible rebels, "tolkiyenist", "rekonstruktor" and "nonconformists" … Everything who was included sometime into the amorphous organization not held down by military discipline and uniting people with common interests, but with different temperaments and ideas, recognize itself in thought up by Takakhata unlucky тануки.

Shot from an anime film "Pompoko: War тануки"Pompoko: War тануки

In 1994 "Pompoko" collected 2,63 billion yens and became the leader of Japanese hire. After that the picture was nominated to "Oscar’s" competition in category «the best film in a foreign language»

Though all small animals want to keep the native woods for the children, they almost break at once into conflicting groups how they are going to make it. Besides, their natural laziness, good nature and love to fun (not to mention love to creation of families!) often take over them top. As a result war тануки turns around bewitching, but a chaotic train of heated arguments, useless meetings, annoying defeats and pirrovy victories. Some heroes even reach a religious porazhenchestvo («In this world the happiness is not fated to us – let’s pray for happiness in a next world!» ) and before self-destructive attacks in style of the kamikaze. And as the film does not concentrate on one-two characters, and divides the attention between the whole platoon of ill-matched heroes, from a young male to the elderly healer, "Pompoko" shows the conflict from the different points of view and gives the rich soil for reflections on the most different subjects: ecological, ideological, social, religious …

Shot from an anime film "Pompoko: War тануки"Pompoko: War тануки

The film seems to you too gloomy? Do not hurry with conclusions. Yes, as a whole this sad cloth without the Hollywood happy end. But, as it was already told, Takakhata submits the tragedy тануки with a magnificent garnish from humour and magic, and it finishes a tape on an optimistic note. So it at all a variation on the subject of heart-breaking «Graves of glowworms», and the film it is quite possible to look not as test, and as entertainment. As in books about Harry Potter, in "Pompoko" the laughter and magic are often inseparable, as тануки, according to ancient legends, – masters of transformation in various beings and in inanimate objects. Therefore the tape scoops humour and in trainings тануки, mastering traditional magic (it is clear, not all seize at once this subtle art), and in not always successful transformations, and in attempts of the disguised raccoon dogs to give out for Homo Sapiens, and in scenes where тануки try to frighten or impress people the sometimes grandiose transformations. So, closer to the end of a tape heroes arrange the whole magic parade, turning into every possible east mythological beings and monsters.

Shot from an anime film "Pompoko: War тануки"Pompoko: War тануки

That who will watch the film with children, it is necessary to mean that magics тануки the big role is played by scrotums of males which can be inflated till the improbable sizes. It not Takakhata’s invention, and an integral part of Japanese folklore which always was more frank, than its European analogs, "ottsenzurenny" Christianity. How it to treat? With humour, understanding and with understanding of that the inflated scrotums in "Pompoko" look where pristoyny, than adored by the Hollywood directors of children’s cinema "toilet" tricks about gases and блевотину.

Shot from an anime film "Pompoko: War тануки"Pompoko: War тануки

To show тануки «almost people» and thus let’s to the audience forget that speech nevertheless goes about real animals, instead of about invented creations, "Pompoko" uses unusual graphic reception. When heroes catch sight to people, they look as the real raccoon dogs (if, of course, do not reincarnate in people or monsters). But as soon as they appear far from human views, they turn in anthropomorphous «пушистиков», in clothes and on two feet, and at times also wearing spectacles and with human hairdresses. Is at them and the third form, the simplified version of the second. It was borrowed by Takakhata from the popular comic strip to Seeger Sugiura «808 тануки» which was one of inspiration sources at work on the film (Miyazaki at one time assumed that his colleague will not think out original history, and simply picturizes «808 тануки»). Tanuki accept this "intermediate" form when partly lose control over itself – for example, during noisy holidays. There is no animal masters of transformation, it would seem strange and ridiculous. And so the mythology works for the director, allowing it to show every time тануки such with what it is demanded by a scene.

Shot from an anime film "Pompoko: War тануки"Pompoko: War тануки

Another thing is that the tape ukorenennost in Japanese folklore and Japanese culture also appears its main shortcoming. As well as Takakhata’s previous work «Only evenings», "Pompoko" for full understanding demands detailed comments. However, about тануки the tape nevertheless reports the basic facts, and the neyaponist with ease will catch an essence of a narration and can laugh and worry about destiny of small animals. But if you want to understand each hint, each joke, each sending to Japanese legends, Japanese history, Japanese geography and Japanese beliefs, you should find the explanations made by fans in the Internet.

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